Kurash is one of the Turkic terms for ‘wrestling’ and this refers to a number of folk wrestling styles practiced in Central Asia.

Sometimes this discipline is spelled kuresh or koresh. The other variants are Uzbek kurash, Kyrgyz күрөш küröş, Turkmen göreş, Bashkir көрәш (köräş), Tatar küreş, күреш, көрәш, kөrəş, Kazakh күрес küres, Shor кӱреш küreş, Azeri güləş, Chuvash кӗрешӳ).

The wrestling is the main competition at the folk festival Sabantuy. Wrestlers (köräşçe(lär)) use towels to hold their opponents, and their goal is to throw their opponents off the feet.

Kurash, one of the sports that debuted in the last Asian Games in Indonesia, is a traditional wrestling event that is highly popular in Central Asia.

Here's some things that you need to know about kurash:

A kurash contest starts with both players in a position known as Tazim. There are three ways they can score points:

  1. Halal - This refers to throwing down your rival on his back with full speed and control. Successfully recording a halal means a direct victory.
  2. Yambosh - This means a throw that is not exactly a halal but is close to one. Two yamboshes equal to one halal.
  3. Chala - This refers to throws that are close to a yambosh. They are independent of the above two moves and are considered separately.

Players can also receive penalties for moves that are against the rules. A maximum of two penalties - Tambik & Dakk - are allowed and in case of a third penalty, known as Girrom, the player is disqualified.

Kurash was also a part of the Asian Indoor and Martial Arts Games in 2017, which took place in Ashgabat, Turkeminstan. It featured a total of 15 events - seven men's and eight women's, with Uzbekistan winning nine golds.

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