A mind game. That comes right away when we talk of chess. It is indeed practically a mind game in which the two competing players try to outdo each other using the black and white pieces spread on a checkered gameboard with 64 squares arranged in an 8x8 grid.
Here, the players engage in an exchange of strategies, skills and tactics on a board game. The game is played by millions of people worldwide. Chess is believed to have been derived from the Indian game chaturanga some time before the 7th century.
Chaturanga is also the likely ancestor of the Eastern strategy games xiangqi, janggi, and shogi. Chess reached Europe by the 9th century, due to the Umayyad conquest of Hispania. The pieces assumed their current powers in Spain in the late 15th century; the modern rules were standardized in the 19th century.
Playing chess As playing chess itself does not involve hidden information, each player begins with 16 pieces: one king, one queen, two rooks, two knights, two bishops, and eight pawns. The six types of pieces have different moves, with the most powerful being the queen and the least powerful the pawn.
The objective is to checkmate the opponent's king by placing it under an inescapable threat of capture. To protect the king, a player uses his pieces of lower ranks to attack and capture the opponent's pieces, while supporting each other.
During the game, play typically involves making exchanges of one piece for an opponent's similar piece, but also finding and engineering opportunities to trade advantageously, or to get a better position.
Aside from checkmate, a player wins the game if the opponent resigns, or (in a timed game) runs out of time. There are also several ways that a game can end in a draw.
The first generally recognized World Chess Champion, Wilhelm Steinitz, claimed his title in 1886. Since 1948, the World Championship has been regulated by the Fédération Internationale des Échecs (FIDE), the game's international governing body and member of the IOC.
During the 2006 and 2010 Asian Games, chess was included in the calendar of sports.