English Billiards

A form of billiards in Great Britain that is played between 2 players on a 12-by-6 foot table with 6 pockets using a white, a spot white, and a red ball. The object is to score points for making a cannon (driving the cue ball against both object balls, a winning hazard (driving the white or the red object ball into a pocket), or a losing hazard (caroming the cue ball off either the red or white object ball into a pocket).

A winning hazard in which the red ball is pocketed counts 3 points; if the white ball is pocketed it counts 2 points. A losing hazard is worth 3 points if the cue ball first caroms off the red ball and 2 points if off the white ball. A cannon counts 2 points, and any combination of cannon and hazards made on a single stroke is counted.

Players alternate turns, but each continues a turn (called a break) as long as he continues to score. The rules limit the number of successive cannons or hazards that a player may make.

Snooker

A game played by 2 players or sides on a 12-by-6 foot or 10-by-5 foot table marked as for English billiards with a white cue ball, 15 red object balls and 6 object balls of different colors. The object of the game is to pocket a red ball and a colored ball alternately (each time returning the colored balls to the table until the red balls have been pocketed) and finally pocket each of the colored balls in order of their numerical values.

The game ends when all the red balls are off the table and all numbered balls have been pocketed in proper order. The player with the highest total points for pocketed balls and fouls by his opponents is the winner.

Carom Billiards

An American form of billiards, sometimes called French Billiards, played usually by 2 players on a 9-foot by 4 ½- foot or a 10-foot by 5-foot table, without pockets using a white, a spot white and a red ball. The object of the game is to score points by driving the cue ball into each of the 2 object balls in succession. In 1-Cushion Carom Billiards, a player is required to drive the cue ball to a single cushion before or while making caroms off the 2 object balls. For each 1-cushion carom, the player scores one point.

Failure to contact both object balls is an error which ends the player’s turn. If a player makes an illegal shot or drives the cue ball off the table, he has fouled and he loses one point.

Eight Ball

A popular variation of pocket billiards in which one side is required to pocket the balls numbered 1-7 and the other side the balls numbered 9-15. Which group a player takes is determined by the first ball pocketed in a game.

The first player to legally pocket all the balls in his group and then pocket the ball in a called pocket is the winner.

A player may pocket the balls in his group in any order and is not required to call the ball or the pocket. If a player pockets a ball from the other player’s group, the other player gets credit for the ball. Failure of a player to pocket any ball from his group on a turn constitutes a miss and ends his inning.

If a player pockets the 8 ball before he has pocketed all his balls or when trying for the eight ball fails to shoot directly at it, fails to drive it to a cushion or carom the cue ball into a cushion, scratches the cue ball, or pockets the 8 ball in the wrong pocket, he loses the game.

Nine Ball

Nine ball is played with nine object balls numbered one through nine and a cue ball. On each shot the first ball the cue ball contacts must be the lowest numbered ball on the table, but the balls need not be pocketed in order. Players are not required to call any shot.

If a player pockets any ball on a legal shot, he remains at the table for another shot and continues until he misses, fouls, or wins the game by pocketing the 9 ball. After a miss, the incoming player must shoot from the position left by previous player, but after any foul the incoming player may place the cue ball anywhere on the table.

Filipino Hall of Famers

In 2003, Efren “The Magician” Reyes with more than 80 major pool championships in his pocket became the First Asian to be inducted to the Billiards Congress of America’s Hall of Fame. Francisco ”Django” Bustamante, Efren’s partner when they topped the 2006 and 2009 World Cup of Pool, followed suit in 2010. Four years later, Jose “Amang” Parica emerged as the third Filipino enshrined in the Hall of Fame.

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